Essential FIFA reading

In previous blog posts the examples have been about the FIFA scandal and its dilemma with corruption and bribery, among others, charges against FIFA and those individuals involved with the organization. There are many people around the world following or trying to follow what is going on with the FIFA crisis. While this topic is catching headlines around the world, we wouldn’t know much without the sources explaining what is happening within the investigation(s). People do not always know to read or if it is even credible enough to believe. This post is to help you to see what kind of resources are out there, especially on the internet, in order to help browsing through reliable information.

FIFA, the criminals

Borden, Sam. (2015). Sepp Blatter and Other Top Officials Are Suspended, Deepening FIFA’s Turmoil. Retrieved October 29, 2015, fromhttp://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/09/sports/soccer/sepp-blatter-michel-platini-jerome-valcke-fifa-suspended.html?_r=1

Author Sam Borden writes about how FIFA has finally, provisionally, suspended president Sepp Blatter amongst two other very high ranking leaders in soccer. Borden also makes note of how these suspensions will effect FIFA and UEFA in the wake of their respective leaders being suspended. The author also demonstrates that both organizations are in disarray as there is no clear representative to take control of each organization should either of the men be prosecuted of wrong doings. I would use this piece to show that even though FIFA is figuring all of this out very late, they are still trying to get rid of those who have any connection to wrong doing.

 

– Gibson, Owen. (2015). Fresh arrests likely in Fifa corruption scandal, says US attorney general. The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/football/2015/sep/14/fresh-arrests-fifa-loretta-lynch-us-attorney-general

Author Owen Gibson writes this article in response to the initial arrests that have been made by authorities. In the article, according to the US Attorney General Loretta Lynch, “a new wave of arrests is looming.” (Gibson 2015). The US and the Swiss investigations are bound and determined to prosecute those law breakers within and a part of FIFA. Gibson is able to show in great detail evidence that the investigations have turned up and also analyze what this means for the arrested individuals and any other future arrests. I have used this source in my writing and it has helped me show the wrong that has been perpetrated by FIFA.

 

– Kelly, Cathal. (2015). FIFA’s cleanup crew needs cleaning up, too. Globe & Mail (Toronto, Canada).Retrieved from http://0-ic.galegroup.com.opac.sfsu.edu/ic/ovic/Ne…

The article by author Cathal Kelly offers a look at the members who seek to advance their position within FIFA and take over the presidency. The author questions the validity of the people who have entered as candidates for the special president election. Kelly gives evidence of the candidates who are/were connected with current president Blatter, and if they can be trusted to turn FIFA around. Kelly states about Michel Platini, the European soccer chief, one of the possible candidates for the next FIFA election, “In 2011, Blatter paid Platini two million Swiss francs ($2.75-million) for services unknown.” (Kelly 2015). Kelly shows a relationship between the two and gives the evidence of possible wrong doing. By doing this Kelly is able to analyze if FIFA can truly overcome this scandal; also it gives an element that I myself may not be able to show in my writing. I will look to use this as a source because it gives analysis of the candidates who are seeking to take to top spot in FIFA.

 

Longman, J. (2011). Corruption Inquiry Leads FIFA to Bar Two More Officials. Retrieved November 12, 2015, fromhttp://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/30/sports/soccer/two-fifa-officials-suspended-panel-clears-blatter.html?_r=0

In this article author Jeré Longman writes about two officials who were suspended in and around the time of the corruption crisis that occurred in 2011. Longman also writes about how host rights for the 2018 and 2022 World Cup were also in doubt due to selling or offering to sell votes from members of the FIFA executive committee. Again there was a chance to stop the corruption and bribery before it got out of hand, but FIFA was unwilling to make any serious changes for reform. Longman writes about this and gives analysis and background for this 2011 corruption crisis in FIFA. I would use this article as evidence to show that FIFA is at fault for the situation they are presently in. It gives good background to a previous corruption case and demonstrates that FIFA did not want to truly reform for the betterment of soccer. Who could blame them with the millions of dollars changing hands all the time, right? Wrong.

 

 Macur, Juliet. (2015). FIFA’s Captain Clings to the Helm of His Sinking Ship. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/27/sports/soccer/se…

This article provides background as well as impending outcomes for the future of FIFA and the corruption, bribery scandal it is facing. The author gives opposing views of those being investigated for corruption and bribery, and against those involved with the scandal. Macur insists that president Blatter has no intention of giving up his power even though he has been the target of a criminal investigation. Recently Blatter, “even hinted that he might try to extend his term as president.” (Macur 2015). The man who has hidden himself from the world in the midst of these investigations has the nerve to say he won’t give up his power. Macur is able to give opposing views on FIFA that I may not be able to accomplish myself.

 

-Malliris, Christina. (2013). The Dark Side of FIFA: Selected controversies and the future of accountability in the organization. Retrieved October 29, 2015, from http://sites.duke.edu/wcwp/world-cup-guides/world-cup-2014/fifa-institutional-politics/the-dark-side-of-fifa-controversies-and-the-future/

In this article author Christina Malliris regarding FIFA. She writes about Qatar, the site of 2022 World Cup, and labor disputes within the country who are preparing for that World Cup. She also makes note of institutional controversies and financial management issues surrounding FIFA. And then finally she writes about where FIFA can go after all of this that they have been dealing with. This is the area in which I used as evidence for my own blog post. These have all been areas in which FIFA has been struggling to get ahead of because of their corruption and bribery scandal. I used the last topic of Malliris’ writing as evidence to show that since FIFA was lacking in their accountability and power checking within it was no wonder that a culture of corrupt activity was able to grow unimpeded.

 

-Straus, Brian. (2015). U.S., others haven taken stands, but FIFA reform will come from outside forces. Retrieved November 7, 2015, from http://www.si.com/planet-futbol/2015/05/29/fifa-election-sepp-blatter-reform-sponsors

Author Brian Straus write in this article about how sports leaders representing different countries are tired of the status quo within FIFA. He also makes note of the fact that the only way that true change can come for FIFA in reform is by letting forces outside of it take control and get rid of the corrupt nature that has implanted itself. Straus writes this article in the wake of Blatter being elected to his 5th term as president of FIFA. Though he won,133-73 by votes, it shows that there are many nations who are seeking change, but the majority are still stuck in the past. Straus gives great detail in the background of the scandal as well as those outside forces that are trying to help FIFA through the scandal. I would use this as support to show that FIFA is indeed a corrupt organization and the only way for them to acquire worthwhile reforms is by letting others handle that situation for them. Because we have clearly seen that FIFA cannot handle making reforms on their own.

 

-Fifa arrests: US asks Switzerland to extradite officials – BBC News. (2015). Retrieved November 8, 2015, fromhttp://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-33359540

In this article the author(s) were writing that the U.S. wanted to be able to extradite, hand over (a person accused or convicted of a crime) to the jurisdiction of the foreign state which crime was committed, FIFA officials whom were arrested on corruption charges. They asked Switzerland this, and they stated they would give the seven accused a hearing over the extradition requests; The process and possible appeals could take months to complete. This was the first arrests made in the ongoing FIFA scandal of corruption and bribery and the U.S. wanted to extradite those officials to the U.S. since illegal action took place with United States companies. The corruption was planned in the U.S. and U.S. banks were used to transfer money. This was clear evidence enough for the U.S. to be able to extradite the accused. I used this as evidence in support for my claim that FIFA is a corrupt organization and to show that if you commit illegal activities justice will find you no matter how hard you try and hide.

 

 The president’s perpetration’s

-Borden, Sam. (2015). The FIFA Sandal: Questions and Answers. The New York Times. Retrieved fromhttp://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/09/sports/soccer/the-fifa-scandal-questions-and-answers.html?_r=0

Author Sam Borden gives a Q&A of sorts about the recent update involving FIFA. President Blatter was suspended for 90 days following a Swiss criminal investigation into himself and the alleged exchange of ~$2.5 million. Borden goes on to analyze why the suspension happened as well as what is next for Blatter. He also speaks on future events like the special election for FIFA’s next president, and will the suspension affect the hosting countries for the World Cup 2018 and 2022. Borden writes, “The punishments, particularly Mr. Blatter’s, were seen by many as a watershed moment in the continuing global scandal, and that may well be the case.” (Borden 2015). Previously FIFA had taken no action against Blatter even though his name was in most investigations. People were calling for him to remove himself from office and step down, but he would do no such thing. Borden’s question and answer style of writing is effective and gives analysis to some of the more important queries the public have. This can be an effective form of writing and I might want to incorporate a similar style.

 

-Evans, Simon & Franklin, Joshua. (2015). World soccer rocked by suspension of Blatter and Platini. Reuters.Retrieved from http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/10/08/us-soccer-fifa-blatter-idUSKCN0S217O20151008

The authors Evans and Simon write about the very recent suspension that has been handed down upon president of FIFA Sepp Blatter. Though Blatter has continually denied any wrong doing he is being submerged by the scandal at FIFA. FIFA stated that, “Joseph S. Blatter, for the duration of the 90-day ban, is not allowed to represent FIFA in any capacity, act on the organization’s behalf or communicate to media or other stakeholders as a FIFA representative.” (Evans & Franklin 2015). It would seem that there are steps being taken in the right direction even if it’s not coming from FIFA directly. Blatter claimed to be innocent still and that he was “disappointed” to not present evidence that proved he did nothing wrong. He had plenty of time to present any evidence, if he had any to begin with. The authors, also mention that Blatter can go through a process of appeals to get his suspension overturned; as we hear professional athletes do all the time. The authors are able to show the reason for suspension, but also show an opposing side about Blatter claiming his innocence.

 

FIFA the victim

-Harress, Christopher. (2015). FIFA Under Former President João Havelange Was Involved In Corruption Long Before Sepp Blatter’s Presidency. Retrieved November 14, 2015, fromhttp://www.ibtimes.com/fifa-under-former-president-joao-havelange-was-involved-corruption-long-sepp-blatters-1941099

In this article Harress claims that this corruption scandal is nothing new to happen to FIFA. Rather, that it has been almost a type of culture taught by others in FIFA. Harress talks about this and also the history of what went on with former president João Havelange. Havelange was the former president of FIFA and he was in office for 24 years until his successor, Blatter, took over in 1998. The former president and his stepson received around $42 million in bribes over an 8-year period from 1992-2000. Both eventually went to court, but paid fines and escaped any jail time. I would use this to show that there was an almost culture like mentality within FIFA for corruption and bribery and that Blatter isn’t the one to blame its FIFA as a whole for allowing this to continue.

 

-Malik, Kenan. (2015). The Corrupt Rhetoric of the FIFA Scandal. Retrieved November 14, 2015, from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/17/opinion/-2015-06-17-opinion-malik-the-corrupt-rhetoric-of-the-fifa-scandalhtml.html

This article provides a look at the geopolitical landscape that is surrounding FIFA due to the scandal. While it does this, it also gives good background for what has happened in the past and shows that the same mistakes from the “past” have been occurring still in the recent present. Malik is writing about sports officials who support FIFA and are calling the U.S. investigation as colonialism. Malik always makes note of those, other authors, who have related current president Blatter to dictators of the past such as, Joseph Stalin, Fidel Castro, and Saddam Hussein. Malik gives background of Blatter’s predecessor Havelange to show that these corrupt dictators are no different from him or Blatter himself. I would have used this article as support to show that FIFA is the victim. While this might be a scandal perpetrated by select individuals, the entirety of FIFA is not to blame for individuals with illegal plots.

 

-Ruiz, R., Rebecca. (2015). In Case Against Soccer Officials, U.S. Paints FIFA as the Victim. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/10/sports/soccer/fifa-sepp-blatter-corruption-case.html

Author Rebecca Ruiz writes how the U.S. officials are giving the image that FIFA is a victim. FIFA has been victimized by those officials within the organization. “In framing organized soccer as the victim, overtaken by criminals and hurt by decades of bribery and kickback schemes, the United States has perhaps sought to soften the string of its international crackdown…” (Ruiz, 2015). Ruiz claims that the U.S. has positioned itself in the savior role of soccer rather than the policeman. The U.S. has before in the past looked to be the savior in different situations; this role is not new to the U.S. They would rather have individuals be found guilty rather than the soccer world’s giant be guilty of any wrong doing. Is FIFA too big to fail? Showing that FIFA has been deemed a victim in all this, Ruiz is still able to show that this may go as high as President Blatter. If it goes all the way up the chain to the top and there’s been proven guilt going back down, there isn’t much doubt about the whole of FIFA being guilty.

The aspect that I would like to focus in on is the analysis brought by the authors. The authors effectively provide evidence for each of their claims, and then give analysis tying everything together. This process that is used is what I should strive for in my writing and try to incorporate. The analysis is an aspect that I need to develop in my writing, and by examining others writing I think I can learn a great deal. The article written by Cathal Kelly gives good analysis and evidence in her writing.

 

Corruption at its finest

-How corrupt is your country? (n.d.). Retrieved October 31, 2015, fromhttp://www.transparency.org/cpi2014/results

This had no authors, rather, it was an index, chart, graph representation stating the least corrupt to the most corrupt countries in the world. Switzerland, the home base of FIFA, was ranked 5th as one of the least corrupt country’s in the world. This was fairly surprising seeing as how FIFA has been getting away with corruption and bribery for decades and is now finally paying the cost for their actions. The reason I would use this was some more evidence shown in a different light. Yes, Switzerland is one of the least corrupt countries in the world, but they allowed one of the most well-known organizations in the entire world go unchecked with illegal activities.

 

-What we stand for. (n.d.). Retrieved November 14, 2015, fromhttp://www.fifa.com/about-fifa/who-we-are/explore-fifa.html

I went to FIFA’s official webpage and I used one of their pages as some evidence. It was “what we stand for” and it went on about FIFA’s claim and mission. I used this to show how FIFA was acting contrary to what they were stating was their claim and mission. I guess in their mind corruption and bribery really was “For the Game. For the World.” Although that’s what they may have thought, the world and soccer as a sport has no intentions of condoning illegal behaviors.

 

-Andelman, David. (2007). The World’s Most Corrupt Countries. Retrieved October 29, 2015, fromhttp://www.forbes.com/2007/04/03/corruption-countries-nations-biz-07caphosp-cx_da_0403corrupt.html

In this article by author David Andelman he writes about the world’s most corrupt countries. Andelman demonstrates the scale or index for ranking these countries as well as the criteria for what is a corrupt nation. Going off from the previous mention, “how corrupt is your country?” I believe I used one of Andelman’s hyperlinks to get me to transparency.org and looked up the corruption rankings as of 2014. Andelman argues that corruption in nearly half of the world’s nations is not getting better, it’s getting worse. He makes this claim and he has the evidence to back it up which clearly shows an increase in corrupt nations. I used this similarly to the other mention of corrupt nations where I used this to show how even though the Swiss country has a low corruption ranking it still has the most recognizable organization within it committing illegal deeds.

 

-Cohen, Rachel. (2015). FIFA reform commission chair: Change more likely this time. Retrieved November 7, 2015, fromhttp://bigstory.ap.org/article/e352cf053fef428487bed1ccf07f27f1/fifa-reform-commission-chair-change-more-likely-time

This article provides a good history of a previous corruption crisis and analysis into the concern for the future of soccer. Cohen references a previous corruption case within FIFA approximately 4 years ago and states that change in FIFA is more likely this time. She provides evidence that paints FIFA in a much more troubling time than they were in back in 2011. In the corruption crisis of 2011 FIFA did little to remedy the situation. There were reforms on the table, but none ever saw the light of day. FIFA congress has some new topics of discussion for reform, but none will be approved until the February 26, 2016 scheduled congressional meeting. The situation that Cohen is writing about is the more intense scrutiny and avocation for justice against corruption and bribery than there was in 2011. I would use this article as evidence to show that FIFA is corrupt and they were unwilling to change their culture that has been there for decades now. It is finally time for someone to step up and put an end to this illegal nonsense.

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